According to Vedic philosophy, there are two fundamental properties in which the universe reveals itself before a person— one is motion, and another is that in which the motion takes place, “Akasa” which means space. This entire universe is in perpetual motion and every single particle within it is vibrating constantly even at the quantum level. This unity of movement brings together all things— all the living beings and the non-living objects. The earth, its people, animals, insects, microorganisms, oceans, rivers, mountains, deserts, and forests— everything is in constant motion and transition.
Quantum physics shows us that the universe is made up of little string particles and waves, which are the building blocks of the universe. We humans and other animal life forms, all plants and fungi, and all non-living objects are indeed comprised of energy particles, which are linked to one another. Everything in this universe is connected, although our brain tricks us into believing in the idea of separation.
In Advaita Vedanta, this perception of separation or duality is explained using the analogy of an ocean wave. If our existence is like an ocean, our sense of individuality is a wave, which emerges briefly as a separate entity, but soon merges back into the ocean. The wave is same as the ocean like our individual self is the same as the universal self. That’s why in Upanishad it says about the nature of the self, “Aham Brahmasmi”, which means, “The core of my being is the ultimate reality, the root, and ground of the universe”.
When we can discard all the ideas of separation from anything and anyone, we enjoy the total joy and pure bliss. In a higher state of consciousness, the knower or the subject realizes that the world of objects is not a separate existence, rather a reflection of his/her very own self. They understand that the subject and the object arise from the same source, and the sense of “Oneness” takes place when the knowledge of the source is held.
Oneness is the feeling of unity. Sometimes we have an unexpected glimpse of oneness when we become totally one with an experience. In this stage, we fully arise into the upper realm of the heart and pure radiant love fills our being. All words, thoughts disappear in this level of consciousness. The world and the self also disappear— all that remains is the ultimate reality, the infinite absolute self. When we move into a more profound and stable stage of oneness, that state is called Samadhi.
To fully comprehend the idea of oneness, one must know it experientially. According to Vedanta, our true self is pure, perfect and eternally free, and experiencing oneness is our true nature. But the question is, if oneness is real, why we are so appallingly unaware of it? The answer to this question lies in the theory of Maya. Maya is translated as the illusion, but according to Vedanta, Maya is the ignorance of oneness, ignorance of your true self. Maya is the veil that hides the real nature of our true self and that of the world around us. Maya gives rise to duality.
But why duality exists? Why it is important? Duality is the ignorance of oneness. As long as there is mind, there is Maya, and there is duality. The mind is the collection of thoughts, feelings, and emotions. In the stage of oneness, we move into a state of no-mind, where thoughts, feelings, and emotion do not exist. Duality exists, as long as you don’t have the realization of oneness. Duality is also important because it motivates you to win the game of life, to become better.
So is it possible to live fully in this world of duality with the remembrance of oneness? Yes. The following meditation methods will guide you in the right direction.
Practicing mindfulness meditation will help you to transcend thoughts. In the advanced stage of mindfulness meditation, the meditator surrenders and dissolves into oneness.
Loving-kindness is about sending love with simple and clear intention and goodwill. This meditation practice allows us to embrace all beings and connects us deeper with life.
During mantra meditation, the excitations of the mind gradually settle down, and the meditator journeys into a state of inner wakefulness where there are no thoughts, only the absolute consciousness, and awareness.